International Symposium on Emerging Infectious Diseases – Mongolia
The 4th International Symposium on Emerging Infectious Diseases was held on September 6-7, 2012 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Each year the International Symposium on Emerging Infectious Diseases provides foreign scientists with the opportunity to interact closely with high-ranking Mongolian leaders who specialize in human and animal health. This highly interactive event gave international and Mongolian researchers the opportunity to create a global scientific exchange of information and increase collaboration potential around the world.
- There are more than ten times as many animals as people in Mongolia, one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries, where 2.5 million people live in a territory about half the size of Europe.
- Some 30 million sheep, goats, horses, yaks, and other animals graze on vast pasturelands covering almost four fifths of the country.
- Life in sparsely populated Mongolia has recently become more urbanized. Nearly half of the people live in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, and in other provincial centers. Semi-nomadic life still predominates in the countryside, but settled agricultural communities are becoming more common.
- Mongolia’s birth rate is estimated at 19 births/1000 people (2006). About two-thirds of the total population is under age 30, 28.5% of whom are under 14.
- Livestock is the main livelihood and source of wealth in Mongolia. The country’s economy substantially depends on the production and development of this sector.
- Mongolians are traditionally nomadic people. Many live in close contact with their animals (chiefly cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and camels). This close human-animal contact facilitates the transmission of numerous zoonotic diseases including: brucellosis, campylobacter infections, rabies, plague, Echinococcus granulosis infections, anthrax, and tularemia.
- Mongolia is home to a number of serious livestock diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, glanders, and pasteurellosis, which cause disease in man, but have a much greater impact upon national economies.
Click here to access the registration information for the 2012 Symposium.
Previous Symposium Information
1. Ebright JR, Altantsetseg T and Oyungerel R. Emerging infectious diseases in Mongolia. Emerg Infect Dis 2003;9:1509-15.
2. Odontsetseg N, Mweene AS and Kida H. Viral and bacterial diseases in livestock in Mongolia. Jpn J Vet Res 2005;52:151-62.